Since 1989, the crisis in Kashmir has become an emblem of post-Cold War conflict. Irredentism and insurgency, coupled with the ambitions of India and Pakistan, have created an atmosphere that threatens regional peace. In varying degrees and different ways, the rights of Kashmiris have been violated by all parties to these conflicts. The author examines the nature of rights abuses since the insurgency began; the ways that the politics of human rights have been manipulated by governments, military forces, and insurgents alike; and the polarizing effects of these policies.