Rosa Balfour
Director, Carnegie Europe


Rosa Balfour is director of Carnegie Europe. Her fields of expertise include European politics, institutions, and foreign and security policy. Her current research focuses on the relationship between domestic politics and Europe’s global role.

She has researched and published widely for academia, think tanks, and the international press on issues relating to European politics and international relations, especially on the Mediterranean region, Eastern Europe and the Balkans, EU enlargement, international support for civil society, and human rights and democracy.

Balfour is also an advisor to Women in International Security Brussels (WIIS-Brussels) and an associate fellow at LSE IDEAS. In 2018 and 2019, she was awarded a fellowship on the Europe’s Futures program at the Institute for Human Sciences in Vienna. Since 2021, she is also an honorary patron of the University Association for Contemporary European Studies (UACES).

Prior to joining Carnegie Europe, Balfour was a senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States. She was also director of the Europe in the World program at the European Policy Centre in Brussels and has worked as a researcher in Rome and London.

PhD, International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science, MSc, European Studies, London School of Economics and Political Science, MA and BA, History, University of Cambridge
English, French, Italian
featured work
Charting the Radical Right’s Influence on EU Foreign Policy

Despite embracing democracy, radical-right parties pose a significant challenge to the EU’s fundamental values. European leaders and institutions must address this challenge to safeguard democracy in the EU and ensure a more effective foreign policy.

Europe’s Radical Right Is Formidable—but not Unstoppable

Radical-right forces are already influencing EU policies and could determine the bloc’s future direction. Yet internal divisions give mainstream parties a tactical advantage in this pivotal election year.

Ursula von der Leyen speaking behind a dais
What Exactly Do the Radical Right’s Wins Mean for the EU?

Making sense of the parliamentary election outcomes and how they might impact issues such as climate.

All work from Rosa Balfour

106 Results
Arc of Instability: How to Survive as an “In-Between” European State

Carnegie Politika podcast host Alex Gabuev is joined by Carnegie Europe's director Rosa Balfour and senior fellow Tom de Waal to discuss Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Moldova, and Serbia, which find themselves caught between Russia and the EU.

Ursula von der Leyen speaking behind a dais
What Exactly Do the Radical Right’s Wins Mean for the EU?

Making sense of the parliamentary election outcomes and how they might impact issues such as climate.

· June 13, 2024
Winners and Losers: The 2024 European Parliamentary Elections

Rosa Balfour joins Sophia to discuss the recent 2024 European Parliamentary elections—the outcomes, what they mean for future EU policy, and why the US should care.

· June 13, 2024
In The Media
in the media
Far Right Surges in European Elections

The results of the European Parliament elections will have broader implications on issues like climate change and migration.

· June 11, 2024
Pod Save the World
In The Media
in the media
EU Elections: Earthquake in France and a Rightward Policy Lurch?

The radical right’s rise at European level will impact EU policy choices, even if a pro-EU majority holds.

· June 10, 2024
The Guardian
Wide shot of a European Parliament session, from the back of the room
2024 Election to Watch: European Parliament

The next few years will require these lawmakers to make important decisions on key issues that have become existential to the EU’s future.

· June 4, 2024
Making the EU a Stronger Global Actor: Postelection Perspectives
June 12, 2024

As its citizens head to the polls in June’s European Parliament elections, the EU faces an unprecedented combination of external threats. The incoming cohort of EU leaders will need to make bold decisions that bolster the union’s geopolitical power and render it a stronger global actor.

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In The Media
in the media
Normalizing the Far-Right has Backfired on Migration - Next Will be Climate

The growing number of governing experiments with radical-right parties could put Europe’s democratic institutions at risk.

· June 3, 2024
EU Observer
Europe’s Rightward Turn: Assessing the Radical Right’s Influence on EU Foreign Policy
May 14, 2024

Europe’s political scene is rapidly changing, with radical-right parties gaining ground across the continent. While they have yet to form a coherent force at the European level, their growing influence threatens to erode core EU values and complicate the union’s foreign policy making by deepening polarization and blocking consensus building.

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  • Rosa Balfour
  • Zsuzsanna Szelényi
  • Pekka Haavisto
  • Ivana Dragičević
Imagining a European Postwar Order
April 24, 2024

Russia’s unprovoked invasion of Ukraine has triggered a seismic shift in European geopolitics, prompting governments to reassess policies from defense to energy.