Through the ongoing modernization of its air force, India seeks to establish itself as a modern aerospace power with trans-regional reach. The Indian Air Force remains a critical component of the country’s conventional and nuclear deterrent and its ongoing efforts to enhance its force capabilities will have a significant impact on strategic stability in the entire region.

Indian Air Vice Marshal Matheswaran discussed the air force's strategic vision, doctrine, and modernization plans in the context of India’s threat environment and strategy. He also discussed the role of international cooperation, particularly with the United States, in India's efforts to become a global aerospace power. Jack Gill from the National Defense University's Near East–South Asia Center moderated the discussion.