This panel assessed Iranian interests and influence in the region in the context of the fight against the Islamic State and the continuing Syrian civil war. Specifically, they discussed how Iran stands to gain or lose from the current crisis and the implications of the outcome of the P5+1 nuclear talks for regional dynamics. Panelists included Ray Takeyh of the Council on Foreign Relations, Joel Rayburn of the National Defense University, and Carnegie’s Karim Sadjadpour. Carnegie’s Frederic Wehrey moderated.