Speaking at the University of Texas at Austin, Carnegie’s David Livingston explained that most sources of conventional crude oils have either started to decline or are located in regions of instability. This means that unconventional oils, such as deepwater oils, shale oils, and oil sands, are becoming increasingly attractive to extract. However, these oils have different climate impacts. The Oil-Climate Index (OCI) measures and compares the life-cycle emissions of different crude oils. Livingston presented the OCI methodolology, the beta webtool, and discussed applications for the tool.