In their chapter in Strategic Asia 2005–06: Military Modernization in an Era of Uncertainty, Michael Swaine and Roy Kamphausen argue that Taiwan’s military is clearly modernizing and will improve in the near- to mid-term. A reorientation away from an army-centric focus has led to such improvements as joint warfighting capabilities among branches of the military and improvements in missile defense systems, front-line military units, and naval defense capabilities. Progress has been slow, however, and characterized by a number of deficiencies, including inadequate funding levels, an absence of strategic clarity, often misplaced priorities, and unaddressed vulnerabilities. Deficiencies in Taiwan’s military modernization in large part reflect the influence of Taiwan’s highly dynamic and divisive domestic political, bureaucratic, and social environment; a historical legacy of military-oriented rule; and the vagaries of U.S. political and military assistance.

Through a combination of country, regional, and topical studies, Strategic Asia 2005–06 assesses how Asian states are modernizing their military programs in response to China's rise as a regional power, the war on terrorism, changes in U.S. force posture, the revolution in military affairs, and local security dilemmas. The book is edited by Ashley J. Tellis, senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and Michael Wills, Strategic Asia program director at the National Bureau of Asian Research.

Strategic Asia 2005–06: Military Modernization in an Era of Uncertainty is available to order from NBR.