|Type||Launchers||First Tested||Range (km)||Payload (kg)||Technical Details||Comments|
|Prithvi I||20-50?||Feb 1988||150||1000||Single stage, liquid fuel.||Deployed by Army's 333rd Regiment in Secundrabad.|
|Prithvi II||25 ordered?||Feb 1996||250||500-750||Single stage, liquid fuel.||For Air Force.|
|Prithvi III (Dhanush)||?||April 11 2000 test (failed)||350||1,000||Single stage, solid fuel||
Ship-launched variant in development. Successfully tested in September 2001 and will "soon be operationalized."(1)
|Agni I (short-range)||36||January 25, 2002||700||1,000||Single stage, solid-fuel|
|Agni II||36||11 Apr 1999
||2000/2,500||1,000||Two stage both solid fuel, rail mobile.||Tested to a range of 2,000 km. (3) India conducted its first flight test on August 29, 2004.|
|development||3,500||1,000||Design may draw heavily from Polar SLV's.|
SUBMARINE-LAUNCHED BALLISTIC MISSILES
Russian aid in development (4). Problems with guidance systems and far from operational. Deployment scheduled for 2010 or later.
|Name/Type||Number of Aircraft||First Deployed||Range (km)||
|Mirage 2000||40||1,800||From France.|
|Jaguar||131||850||From UK and France.|
3. On January 17, 2001 the Agni-2 was successfully flight tested for the second time. On March 7, 2001, Minister of Defense George Fernandes wrote the Rajya Sabha (India's lower house of Parliament) that the Agni-2 has "achieved operationalization stage ... the government has decided to induct the missile system based on security needs." On May 31, 2001, Defense Minister Jawant Singh said that "its [the Agni-2] induction is being planned during 2001-2002."
4. The Department of Defense's Proliferation Threat and Response: 2001 reports that "an Indian submarine-launched missile, called the Sagarika is ... under development with Russian assistance."
Albright, David. "India's and Pakistan's Fissile Material and Nuclear Weapons Inventories, end of 1999." Available online from the Institute for Science and International Security's web site: www.isis-online.org
"Combat Aircraft Specifications." Available at the Indian Air Force web site: http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/INFO/T.html
Conley, Jerome M. "Indo-Russian Military and Nuclear Cooperation: Implications for U.S. Security Interests." INSS Occasional Paper #31, February 2000.
Hewish, Mark. "Ballistic Missile Threat Evolves: Missiles Have Become Instruments of "Course of Diplomacy." Jane's International Defense Review, October 2000.
Jones, Rodney and Mark McDonough. Tracking Nuclear Proliferation, 1998. (Washington D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1998)
The Military Balance: 2000-2001. International Institute for Strategic Studies. (Glasgow: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2000)
Sawhney, Pravin K. "Pakistan Scores Over India in Ballistic Missile Race." Jane's Intelligence Review, November 2000.
Srivastava, Anupam. "India's Growing Missile Ambitions: Assessing the Technical and Strategic Dimensions." Asian Survey, March/April 2000.
India's Nuclear Forces, 2005
(Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists)
India's Nuclear Forces, 2002
(Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists)
India has not yet deployed any nuclear weapons. However, India declared its intention to deploy after its May 1998 tests (see India's Draft Nuclear Doctrine). A list of potential nuclear-capable delivery vehicles is provided below.
For a detailed analysis of India's nuclear stockpile, see David Albright's 11 October 2000 report "India's and Pakistan's Fissile Material and Nuclear Weapons Inventories, end of 1999" available from the Institute for Science and International Security. Albright estimates that at the end of 1999 India possessed between 240-395 kg of weapons-grade plutonium. This could potentially be usedto build 45-95 nuclear weapons.
For a more comprehensive treatment of India's nuclear weapons program, see the chapter on India from