Cybersecurity has become a top-level issue with a growing number of international accords focusing on rules of the road for cyberspace. Carnegie’s Cyber Norms Index tracks and compares the most important milestones in the negotiation and development of norms for state behavior in and through cyberspace. Featured in the 2018 Munich Security Conference report, it provides insight for policymakers and analysts in assessing cyber norms proposals, their evolution, and endorsements among the international community.
This project focuses on cybersecurity on the context of international peace and security. Please note that processes related to cybercrime are beyond the scope of this initiative. For more information on international efforts to combat cybercrime, the website dedicated to the Convention on Cybercrime is a useful resource.TimelineIndexDocument LibraryMethodology and Structure
This timeline sheds light on the emergence of international norms for cyberspace. It includes over 150 accords, declarations, and joint statements.
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The Cyber Norms Index allows users to compare multilateral outcome documents and to search and compare their content either by category or keyword. To compare a document’s content by category, simply start by selecting a category, followed by the specific comparison you are interested in. To compare by keyword, start by simply typing a first letter and choosing from the drop-down list of keywords that appears. The full list of keywords can also be found here.
The Document Library serves as a comprehensive repository of cyber norms documents released since 2007. It includes multilateral documents, plurilateral and bilateral texts, contributions by nongovernmental actors including NGOs and companies, and multistakeholder statements such as the Paris Call. Related collections of documents, such as statements on the applicability of international law to cyberspace and a comprehensive list of submissions to the UN Group of Governmental Experts and Open-Ended Working Group are also included.