Publications

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  • Research

    China's Changing Nuclear Posture

    • Ming Zhang
    • April 01, 1999
    • Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1999

    This inside look at the history and politics of the changing nuclear posture of the People's Republic of China is based on extensive analysis of Chinese and Western documents and interviews conducted in China in the fall of 1998.

  • Commentary

    Think Again: Africa

    Much of the world sees Africa as one of two extremes. Either it is a continent beset by genocidal warfare, corrupt leaders, and rampant poverty or it is a region that is about to enter a renaissance. But Africa is neither on the verge of widespread anarchy nor at the dawn of democratic and economic renewal.

  • Research

    Missile Defense Failures Offer Lessons

    Monday’s failure of the Army’s Theater High Altitude Air Defense system (THAAD) to intercept a Scud-type target should provide us with a reminder of the inherent limitations of missile defense systems.

  • Testimony

    Putting Education to Work in Latin America

    To compete in the global economy, Latin America has to have a labor force that has caught up with its competitors in Asia – in skills and therefore in productivity. Education matters.

  • Commentary

    Kosovo and the Echoes of Isolationism

  • Commentary

    Clinton's Sorry Excuse for a China Policy

  • Testimony

    Globalization and the Developing Countries: The Inequality Risk

    Developing countries face special risks that globalization and market reforms will exacerbate inequality, at least in the short run, and raise the political costs of inequality. During that transition, more emphasis on minimizing and managing inequality would minimize the real risks of a protectionist and populist backlash.

  • Testimony

    Investing in Children: The Role of the State of Unequal Societies

  • Testimony

    Can Social Policies Reduce Income Disparities?

    Social policies probably cannot reduce income disparities in Latin America. However, their objective should not be to reduce income inequality, but to ensure opportunities for all and to make societies ever more meritocratic.

  • Research

    March Missile Madness

    Congress and the Administration are in a rush to deploy a national missile defense system. Brushing aside the stubborn facts of failed tests and declining global missile arsenals, each is outbidding the other with budgets and timetables. Both the Senate and the House will vote this month on bills to mandate deployment.

  • Commentary

    Kosovo Debacle

    A major intraparty battle is now shaping up over the issue of Kosovo. The outcome of this intra-GOP battle may shape the course of Republican foreign policy for years to come, and it will certainly shape the contest in 2000. If the Republicans want to run against Al Gore as the party of responsible leadership in foreign policy, the time to start is now.

  • Commentary

    Missile Madness

  • Research

    U.S. Programs Face Growing Russian Threat

    • March 04, 1999
    • Carnegie

    President Clinton announced new funding for an expanded threat reduction initiative in Russia. Unfortunately this new funding commitment still does not match the threat. The degradation in security of Russia’s nuclear weapon complex and the economic collapse in August 1998 has put the safety of nuclear materials and nuclear intelligence in jeopardy.

  • Commentary

    Demon Within

  • Commentary

    Into Kosovo

  • Testimony

    Economic Institutions, Democracy, and Development

  • Commentary

    Personal View: Keep Out of Africa

    For lasting peace, the colonial powers must leave the warring nations of Africa to find their own solutions: most conflicts are about internal failure, not simple border quarrels.

  • Commentary

    How Not to Deal With China: A History of Sino-American Relations Since 1972

    The Chinese, assumed to be ignorant of American politics and culture, have proved over the years to be skilled manipulators. Americans, in turn, have been acquiescing to Chinese stipulations about the subject, manner, timing, and location of negotiations. In About Face, Mann has brilliantly catalogued how American policy-makers have made the least of a strong hand in dealing with Beijing.

  • Commentary

    Discussion Note on the Agenda for the CERN meeting in Asia, June4-5, 1999

    • February 05, 1999
    • Carnegie

    Across Asia leaders differ in their assessments and prescriptions for macroeconomic and structural policy management. There are debates about the optimal mix of macroeconomic policies during shock-induced downturns, the mix of public works spending versus spending on the social safety net and the effectiveness of these programs, given corruption. The CERN meeting will address these topics.

  • Commentary

    Clinton's Kosovo Collapse

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