Program directors share the analysis and papers that stood out in this frenetic year.
But the concept of integrated deterrence alone is not sufficient to guide DOD’s decision-making during wartime.
But China needs a properly functioning global economic system to prosper given that it is the major trading partner with more than 100 countries. Constructive engagement with China on economic issues offers a path to a less contentious dialogue on the more sensitive security issues for Western powers.
In the wake of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the EU is seeking to fulfill its defense potential. But promising new defense policy proposals may lose momentum without more funds and attention.
Fifth and finally, the international community played a surprisingly important role in the months prior to the election, including by making it clear that a rupture of democratic rule in Brazil would lead to the country’s international isolation.
Neither the better morale and superior technology of the Ukrainians nor the lack of equipment, training, and motivation of freshly drafted Russians have prevented Russia from achieving its interim military aims at a relatively modest political cost.
Instead of fixating on infrastructure, African countries should look to the experience of Latin American countries with similar resource endowments: a greater relative abundance of land than low-cost labor.
The host of Carnegie’s podcast on Indian politics shares his three favorite reads from 2022.
As unprecedented as the EU AI Act is, it remains fundamentally a piece of EU legislation. Much of it is borrowed from common EU frameworks, to the extent that it cannot be properly understood without this broader context.
“Harmonised standards” play an important role in EU legislation by making what are at times vague essential requirements into concrete technical requirements.
Three Carnegie experts examine Ukraine’s success in cyber defense and cyber competition going forward.
They pick their best work of the year and the episodes from other shows that resonated most.
Attempts to influence the opinions and behavior of a society (or part of it) are, of course, nothing new. And propaganda has always been an indispensable tool in political contests. Today, however, propaganda, post-truth, large-scale dissemination of lies and gaslighting have acquired unusual power and toxicity.
The failure of recent environmental legislature reflects America's "vetocracy" problem.
As President Erdogan and the AKP face an electoral challenge in 2023, a new law tightens government control of social media and news websites. Much will depend on how this law is interpreted and enforced.
The economy’s development will be in reverse for at least the next three to five years.
It would be daring of the Opposition to make public service delivery the leitmotif of its general election campaign in 2024. But one thing is for sure: Until and unless the Opposition forges an affirmative agenda that goes beyond attacking Modi and the BJP, its collective post-election analysis in 2024 will look a lot like 2019.
It's time for the democracy movement to spend a lot more effort stretching beyond reaction into creation. To reach out to millions of Americans and help them envision an America in which these better futures are possible. To connect those futures to people’s daily, lived experience.
Russia’s cyber operations in Ukraine have apparently not had much military impact. This was probably for a multitude of reasons: Russia’s offensive limitations, as well as the defensive efforts of Ukraine and its partners; the particular context of this war, as well as structural features of cyberspace and warfare generally.
China, India, and Pakistan could build predictability in the region and mitigate potential sources of conflict through new measures to manage common-pool resource competition, dangerous behaviors in space, and a range of crises and emergencies.