Since 1989, the US sponsored a wide array of assistance programs aimed at helping the countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union transition to capitalism and democracy. The worrying trend away from market reforms and liberal democracy in a number of countries of the region has fueled debate as to whether the assistance effort has fallen short and, if so, why.
The author clarifies the sources of Western concepts of citizenship, from the ancient Greeks to modern social democrats: where they came from, how they evolved, and where they tend to lead. Into this concise historical account he weaves a profound critical analysis of the contrasting values embodied in different approaches to civic membership.
Drawing on extensive, high-level discussions throughout the region, the Commission investigates the causes of the Balkan conflicts in the 1990s and provides an independent assessment of the European, American, and UN responses.
Japan's policy of basing its nuclear power program on reprocessed plutonium has aroused widespread suspicion, especially in neighboring East Asian countries, that Japan is secretly planning to develop nuclear weapons.
The Algerian Crisis: Policy Options for the West dissects the complex roots of the Algerian crisis. The authors make new policy proposals for the United States, many of which should be implemented in cooperation with France and the European Union, to encourage Algeria's leaders to undertake political and economic reform.
Immigration and asylum are at the center of political debate in all European Union member countries. This volume contends that failure to resolve these tensions among member states presents a major obstacle to European integration as envisioned in the Maastricht Treaty.
The current system for selecting permanent and temporary immigrants by U.S. employers is inefficient, unnecessarily burdensome and costly, outdated, and serves U.S. national interests haphazardly.
This landmark study, an examination of U.S. democracy assistance efforts in Romania, is the first comprehensive analysis of the workings—and failings—of U.S. democracy assistance in one country.