Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics
Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics
About the Program

The Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics Program explores how climate change and the responses to it are changing international politics, global governance, and world security. Our work covers topics from the geopolitical implications of decarbonization and environmental breakdown to the challenge of building out clean energy supply chains, alternative protein options, and other challenges of a warming planet.


The U.S. Foreign Policy for Clean Energy Taskforce

Clean energy and associated products are increasingly essential for the security and prosperity of the United States. But if the United States is to decarbonize its own economy and do its part to cut global emissions to net zero, it will have to effect change beyond its borders.

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Program experts

Bentley Allan

Nonresident Scholar, Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics Program

Katie Auth

Nonresident Scholar, Africa Program

Dan Baer

Senior Vice President for Policy Research, Director, Europe Program

Mariano-Florentino (Tino) Cuéllar

President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Kelly S. Gallagher

Nonresident Scholar, Sustainability, Climate and Geopolitics Program

Liliana Gamboa

Nonresident Scholar, Carnegie California; Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics Program

Noah Gordon

Acting Co-Director, Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics Program, Fellow, Europe Program

Sarah Labowitz

Nonresident Scholar, Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics Program

Olivia Lazard

Fellow, Carnegie Europe

Jessica Tuchman Mathews

Distinguished Fellow

Milo McBride

Fellow, Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics Program

Satyendra Prasad

Nonresident Senior Fellow, South Asia Program, Sustainability, Climate and Geopolitics Program

Brett Rosenberg

Nonresident Scholar, American Statecraft Program

Matias Spektor

Nonresident Scholar, Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics Program

Anirudh Suri

Nonresident Scholar, Technology and Society Program

Katie Tobin

Nonresident Scholar, American Statecraft Program

Zainab Usman

Senior Fellow and Director, Africa Program

Richard Youngs

Senior Fellow, Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program

Featured Content

Featured Content

All Work from Sustainability, Climate, and Geopolitics

499 Results
A member of the Guarani-Kaiowa ethnic group (C) attends a hearing on the responsibility of states in the face of climate emergencies, organised by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights
A Seminal Case for Climate Litigation

Climate change presents states with new obligations. Chile and Colombia are asking what those are.

· June 26, 2024
Our Polycrisis Summer
July 1, 2024

If you were to unwrap the intersecting problems known as “the polycrisis,” you’d find climate change at the middle. Destructive floods, unaffordable energy, unsustainable debt burdens, and economic conflict between superpowers — the overheating of the planet plays a role in all of them.

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  • Tim Sahay
  • Kate Mackenzie
  • David Wallace-Wells
  • Noah Gordon
 Migrants wait in line hoping for processing from Customs and Border Patrol agents after groups arrived at Jacumba Hot Springs, California, after walking under intense heat from Mexico into the US on June 5, 2024.
The Role of Migration in a Year of Crucial Elections

Roughly half of the world lives in countries holding elections in 2024. Carnegie asked a global group scholars to reflect on the role of migration in electoral campaigns. 

· June 17, 2024
in the media
How America Can Win the Coming Battery War

Bipartisan Consensus Is Key—but Depends on U.S. Control of Supply Chains.

· June 7, 2024
Foreign Affairs
A security fence surrounds the NSA's Utah data collection center on March 17, 2017 in Bluffdale, Utah. The 1.5 billion dollar data center, thought to be the worlds largest on the order of exabytes or larger supports the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI) of the United States Government
The Promises and Perils for Sustainability in the U.S. Military’s Adoption of AI

AI threatens to further increase carbon emissions. But the U.S. government, especially the Pentagon, has an opportunity to incentivize energy-efficient computing and even use AI to save fuel.

  • Daniel Nasaw
· May 29, 2024
What Is Climate Foreign Policy? A Transatlantic Perspective
May 15, 2024

Join the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the German Council on Foreign Relations for a hybrid discussion on the future of climate foreign policy.

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How the AGOA Reauthorization Process Could Help Diversify U.S. Critical Mineral Supplies

The ongoing African Growth and Opportunity Act reauthorization process could facilitate the expansion of U.S.-Africa trade in critical minerals.